Updated July 2014
This is one in a series of reviews of drinks that appeared on the original 1956-57 Mai-Kai cocktail menu but were later retired. Included is the ancestor recipe that inspired it, plus a tribute that attempts to reinterpret what The Mai-Kai’s version would taste like today had it not disappeared.
Arguably the most definitive rum cocktail, perhaps even the prototype for all future tropical drinks, is the humble daiquiri. This simple combination of rum, lime and sugar mixed with ice can be traced back to Cuba in the early 1900s.
While not nearly as old as proto rum cocktails such as the British Navy Grog or pre-colonial punches, the Daiquri is distinctive for its precise craft and reliance on ice as a crucial ingredient. Though deeply linked to Cuba, the Dauquiri was reputedly invented by an American, mining engineer Jennings Cox, who was working in Cuba during the Spanish-American War.
The drink quickly became a favorite among the military, then the tourists who flocked to the Caribbean island, especially during Prohibition. It’s likely both Donn Beach (aka Don the Beachcomber) and Victor Bergeron (aka Trader Vic) ran across the daiquiri during their travels in the Caribbean before opening their bars in California that kick-started the Tiki cocktail craze in the 1930s.
Cocktail historian Jeff “Beachbum” Berry covers the fascinating history of the daiquiri extensively in his epic book, Potions of the Caribbean: 500 Years of Tropical Drinks and the People Behind Them, released in late 2013 by Cocktail Kingdom. It covers everything from the town that inspired the name, to all its reputed inventors, to its adaptation by mid-century Tiki bars.
The Beachcomber and Trader Vic menus are loaded with daiquiris, as is the menu at the iconic Mai-Kai in Fort Lauderdale. Open since 1956, it still features many drinks traced back to Donn Beach (Special Reserve Daiquiri) but also the traditional Floridita Daiquiri and an acclaimed original creation of mixologist Mariano Licudine, the Derby Daiquiri.
But the most short-lived Mai-Kai cocktail was the Cuban Daiquiri, which lasted until 1958-59, when it likely became a victim of the era’s political upheaval, not to mention the U.S. economic embargo against Cuba that began in 1960 and lasts to this day. The word “Cuban” in a drink name was not a wise marketing move at this time. Before the 1958 revolution, Mai-Kai owners Bob and Jack Thornton were known to take weekend jaunts to the island aboard a private plane.
At The Mai-Kai, the acclaimed Derby Daiquiri took the Cuban Daiquiri’s place on the menu and the drink became largely forgotten. It continued to be featured at Don the Beachcomber restaurants, albeit under a new name (the Royal Daiquiri) and most likely a different rum.
While the daiquiri name was later sullied by cheap imitations and dreaded frozen slushie-style machines, the classic recipe has maintained a quiet dignity and has seen a resurgence during the craft cocktail revival that’s been brewing for the past several decades. It’s worth taking a look back at a true original.
(Adapted from traditional version)
* 1 ounce fresh lime juice
* 3/4 ounce rich sugar syrup
(2:1 sugar to water, heated and cooled)
* 2 ounces silver Cuban rum
Pulse blend with 1 cup of crushed ice for 5 seconds. Strain into a cocktail glass with an optional ice shell.
Like another lost cocktail in the daiquiri family, Liquid Gold, this drink appeared on the 1956 menu with a distinctive ice shell. However, just like the Don the Beachcomber ancestors shown above, it has a slightly smaller cove of ice. So I simply made both at the same time and modified the Cuban Daiquiri’s ice feature just a bit [see photo]. Also refer to the Special Reserve Daiquiri recipe for step-by-step instructions on making the shell.
The Cuban rum of choice in the 1950s was most likely either Bacardi or Havana Club. After the revolution, Bacardi was forced to flee to Puerto Rico, and the communist government took over the Havana Club business. The brand, co-owned since 1994 by Pernod Ricard, is one of the world’s top sellers. Except in the United States, of course. Due to the embargo, it’s considered contraband.
I was lucky enough to snag a couple bottles a few years ago, however. Though my supply is dwindling, I had to break it out to make this cocktail. A traditional daiquiri contains only silver rum, and Mai-Kai manager Kern Mattei basically confirmed that the above recipe is accurate. However, feel free to use 1 ounce of gold along with 1 ounce of silver rum to amp up the flavor a bit. Most U.S. residents may need to find a substitute rum. I’d recommend both the silver and gold “Cuban-style” rums from Ron Matusalem, an award-winning brand from the Dominican Republic with family roots that go back to Cuba.
Also, there are slightly different recipes floating around with varying amounts of lime and simple syrup. Imbibe magazine considers this one the “classic.” Adjust to your own taste, but I went with a dose of rich syrup that’s heavier than some to keep it in line with the rest of the sweet and savory cocktails on The Mai-Kai menu.
Okole Maluna Society review and rating
Flavor profile: Tart lime, light yet flavorful rum and a touch of sweetness.
Review: A classic daiquiri using the finest ingredients.
Rating: 2 1/2 out of 5 stars (see how it ranks). On today’s menu, it would rank at the lower end of the rankings due mainly to its simplicity and lack of a “wow factor.”
Ancestry: The Mai-Kai’s take on a traditional daiquiri from the land where the drink was invented was also likely an exact copy of the same drink on Don the Beachcomber’s menu (see story above). It was featured on the original 1956 Mai-Kai menu but quickly removed and doesn’t appear on the 1958-59 menu, most likely to avoid any reference to the embattled nation just 90 miles south of Key West.
Bilge: The name Daiquiri comes from a beach near Santiago, Cuba. It’s also the name of an iron mine in the region.
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